The 1950s witnessed probably the most theatre that is significant designers in Latin America. In Mexico, the teacher Roberto Lago (1903-1995), co-founder regarding the Teatro Guignol which operated between your end of this 1940s therefore the 1950s that are mid created the Grupo El Nahual with Lola Cueto (1897-1978). Lago proved a good impact maybe not just in the nation but additionally in Venezuela. Irrespective of their research focus on the origins of Mexican puppetry, he had been among the great dramaturges of childrenвЂ™s theater. Their magazine, Los Angeles Hoja del titiritero independiente (The Independent Puppeteer Newspaper) had been a standard and brought numerous Latin US and puppeteers that are worldwide contact. Mexico ended up being among the nations that distinguished it self making use of puppetry for literary campaigns where the character of Don Ferruco, produced by Gilberto Ramirez Alvarado, played a role that is vital.
The Argentines ManГ© Bernardo (1913-1991) and Sarah Bianchi (1922-2010) were additionally fundamental into the advertising of puppetry arts in Latin America, going to the essential regions that are remote Argentina as well as other nations. Functions developed by ManГ© Bernardo are extremely respected and examined in universities while her pupil and buddy Sarah BianchiвЂ™s strive to the time stays a guide for all puppeteers.
The itinerant tradition is mainly represented by Javier VillafaГ±e (1909-1996), whom travelled the whole sub-continent with his cart, adding to the growth of puppetry arts through their programs, seminars and workshops, particularly in Uruguay, Venezuela and Chile. He also left a repertoire that is important and their Los Angeles Calle de los Fantasmas (the road of Ghosts) happens to be frequently done for several years by a number of troupes.
Other Argentines вЂ“ Juan Enrique AcuГ±a (1915-1988), together with brothers HГ©ctor and Eduardo Di Mauro вЂ“ additionally played crucial roles in disseminating puppetry, in specific in Venezuela and Costa Rica.
In main American nations (Honduras, Guatemala and particularly the Dominican Republic), puppet theatre catered to children and was nurtured in schools.
The Modern Scene
A big wide range of troupes currently in presence had been developed within the 1970s. After several years of experimentation, these teams have finally get together when you look at the look for a certain visual language beyond the assorted methods of manipulation. In reality, through the 1990s puppet theater gained energy across Latin America. As well as conventional glove puppetry, other strategies вЂ“ rod puppetry, string puppetry, shadow theater, black colored (light) theater, blended strategies, noticeable manipulation, item theater, tabletop puppetry вЂ“ are increasingly being explored. Actors, items, puppets, dance and music intermingle in present styles in European countries as well as the united states of america. Another strategy fashionable is вЂњlas cajas misteriosasвЂќ (mysterious containers) in which the spectator views a brief performance through a peephole. The pioneers in this domain are Mariana Frare in Rosario, Argentina, MГіnica SimГµes in Brazil, in addition to BaГєl Teatro in Monterrey, Mexico. New businesses of puppeteer-storytellers, like Las Mentirosas in Mexico and ZaguГЎn in Chile, have actually revisited and integrated inside their work ancient traditions from Guatemala and Honduras called perras.
Puppetry can be used to a larger degree in the area of treatment, for the treating psychiatric disorders, muscular infection or bone tissue illness, and it is especially practised in Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil and Chile (see Society and Puppets вЂ“ Social Applications of Puppetry).
Regardless of festivals, an amount of museums are helping popularize regional puppet traditions. In Argentina, the Museo Argentino del TГtere is made in Buenos Aires by ManГ© Bernardo and Sarah Bianchi. Meanwhile, another museum was made in Los Angeles Plata by Moneo Sanz. In Brazil, you can find the Museu do Mamulengo, the Museu Giramundo created at Belo Horizonte in 2001, additionally the Museum of Popular/Folk Art, Museu Casa do Pontal, operating out of the borders of Rio de Janeiro. In Mexico, you can find the Museo Nacional del TГtere вЂ“ Huamantla, the Museo-Teatro La Casa de los TГteres de BaГєl Teatro in Monterrey, the Museo Rafael Coronel at Zacatecas, while the Museo del TГtere de QuerГ©taro (Puppet Museum regarding the State of QuerГ©taro). In Uruguay, the Museo Vivo del TГtere (residing Museum of Puppetry) are located in Maldonado. In Chile, there is the travelling exhibits of this FundaciГіn para la DignificaciГіn del Teatro de MuГ±ecos (FAMADIT). Venezuela has got the TГteres that is private Artesanales Mundo (Puppet Craft World) owned by Norma R. Bracho. Forum and web web web sites are increasingly being dedicated to puppetry, particularly in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.
In whatever kind, the art of puppetry in Latin America is alive and well without any hint of vanishing any time soon.